The Meadows Blog

Tuesday, 07 January 2014 07:32

Wishing Well for Retirement – Chloe Correa

The Clinical Department will be feeling a great loss with the retirement of one of our counselors, Chloe Correa, M.Ed., LPC. Chloe came to The Meadows eight years ago after a long term career in city government. Chloe started as an Intern gaining the foundation of The Model and The Meadows program during that time and quickly advanced into many other areas of the clinical team. As a Float Counselor, Chloe covered so many areas of the department including; Primary, Family, Continuing Care, Evening/Weekend, and Counseling Supervisor. Not only did Chloe provide direct patient care in these areas, but she was the “go to” in areas of special projects, quality improvement, in-service coordination, and program development. Chloe trained directly with Doug Dodge in the Grief Workshop facilitation, and completed her own specialized training in the areas of grief counseling, gambling screening and counseling, and EMDR. With all of these skills under her belt and a serene presence and steadiness, it is no surprise that Chloe was The Meadows Employee of the Month in July, 2013.  

Chloe’s plans going forward are to work in an exclusive private practice specializing in grief and loss issues utilizing all of her skills, including EMDR. We all wish Chloe well and will miss her presence. The good news is that she will continue to provide support to Meadows patients in facilitating the weekend Grief Workshop. Chloe stated, “I am grateful for what I have learned and all the people I have met in association with The Meadows.” We are grateful for having you in our lives.  Thank you for your service. God Bless.

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By: Nancy Bailey, PhD, Clinical Director at The Meadows

As we enter into the beautiful desert summer - I was reflecting on my professional journey with The Meadows. When I was hired at The Meadows in 2008 as a Workshop Facilitator, I knew that I was entering into a program of excellence and world recognition. After being in the field of mental health and addiction treatment for almost 20 years, when I stepped foot on the serene surroundings of the campus, I knew I was going to be part of something special.

The significance of the deep work offered to the patients at The Meadows is profound. During those first few years here, I was astounded week after week to see miracles occur and inner shifts transform peoples’ lives. I had been part of providing education and treatment for several years prior and spent many of those years focusing on treating complex women's issues. This work was deeper.

Transitioning from Workshop Facilitator to Intake Interventionist was the next step for me at The Meadows. This position offered me additional experience and multi-faceted perspectives in working with the referral resources, families, and patients at onset of their journey to find healing. This journey had many paths; often hearing and working through challenges of anticipatory anxiety, denial, minimization, extreme pain, and sadness; hoping that the loved one would take that huge step toward healing. Working side by side with the Intake Coordinators provided me with a newfound respect for the skill set needed to be relational from a distance while still engaging with therapeutic alliance and boundaries. Once again, The Model proved to be a hands-on and ongoing tapestry of daily living skills.

As The Meadows leadership continued to recognize the need for excellence, not only in patient care, but also in customer service - my position morphed into a clinically based business development role of Senior Clinical Liaison. Providing the bridge between business development, referral resource, interventionist, and clinical department again offered opportunities for personal and professional growth. Once again, Pia's Model provided a foundation for communication and boundary skills.

After a brief sabbatical to complete my PhD, I was honored to return to The Meadows in my current role of Clinical Director. Since taking the position as Clinical Director in September, many program enhancements have occurred and I continue to work with our Program Development team to assess and integrate better programming. I have the opportunity to work directly with some of the best thought leaders in the world in the areas of clinical excellence and research, as well as the pioneers who blazed the trails for family, codependency, and trauma treatment.  I also have the support of a forward thinking and extremely accessible administrative leadership team and board of directors to help me to integrate new treatment modalities and program enhancements to the already world renowned program The Meadows has been for over 35 years. Pia Mellody's Model still lays the foundation of The Meadows treatment. Cutting edge research and Senior Fellow advisors help me to develop and enhance our program to even higher levels of excellence. I am so excited to be a part of such a system of healing!

Professional journey imitates recovery journey - Life journey imitates recovery journey. As we remain engaged in a program of recovery, one day at a time, we will realize life "beyond our wildest dreams." Please stay tuned to our website and blog for ongoing events, announcements, and educational outreaches. Thank you to our Alumni and business professionals who continue to put your trust in The Meadows for excellence in patient care.

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By: Joyce Willis, MC, LPC

The Model of the Developmental Immaturity was developed by Pia Mellody. In the 1970s, Pia was working at The Meadows, a trauma and addiction Inpatient Treatment Facility. Pia found that she was encountering an increasing number of patients who identified less than nurturing, abusive family systems in their childhood - leading to adulthood behaviors of codependency. The codependency patterns translated into addictions, mood disorders and physical illness. Pia's continued work with patients led to the conclusion that people with codependence wind up in despair and actually die from the effects of codependence. Thus, the model was "born" to help patients understand the Family of Origin issues that brought them to the symptoms of their addictions, mood disorders and relationship struggles.

The Model of Developmental Immaturity
Valuable Self-esteem Issues Control Relational
Vulnerable Boundary Issues Resentment Enmeshment
Imperfect Reality Issues Spirituality Dishonesty
Dependent Dependency Issues Addiction
Spontaneous Moderation Intimacy Intensity

The Model of Developmental Immaturity is incorporated into every facet of treatment at The Meadows; from the week-long workshops to the intensive inpatient program.  At each level, patients receive education on The Model and learn how to identify the childhood roots of their adult behaviors. Therapists at The Meadows lead patients through understanding how their core issues, secondary symptoms and relational problems were set up in childhood, leading to codependence in adulthood. The biggest understanding that we want patients to leave treatment with is the belief in the Nature of the Child - which is the Nature of the Functional Adult; that we are inherently valuable and perfectly imperfect. We will further explore The Model in stages, beginning with understanding the primary symptoms of codependency and understanding The Nature of the Child.

The Model of Developmental Immaturity is a model that has to do with codependency. Codependency is defined as a disorder of immaturity caused by relational problems.  Understanding codependency is imperative to understanding The Model. There are five primary symptoms of codependency. These are:

1. We have trouble esteeming ourselves from the idea of inherent worth.
2. We have trouble protecting and nurturing ourselves.
3. We have trouble being real.
4. We have trouble attending to our needs and wants.
5. We have trouble living life with an attitude of moderation in all things.

The Model of Developmental Immaturity Issues is a model used at The Meadows to treat the effects of childhood trauma and issues of developmental immaturity. Childhood trauma and developmental immaturity can lead to addiction issues, mood disorders and physical issues.

To further understand the model, we will examine each column. The first column is the Nature of the Child. The Nature of the Child is the Precious Child Ego State.  Our precious child is the reality of who we are:

  • We are precious and valuable just as we are.
  • We are vulnerable and can expect protection.
  • We are human and make mistakes. We are perfectly imperfect.
  • We are dependent on others for our needs and wants.
  • We are spontaneous and open.

As children, we get relationally traumatized by enmeshment, neglect or abandonment in the “Nature of the Child” areas. Let's explore each of these terms:

  • Enmeshment is the inappropriate closeness of family members. In an enmeshed and overinvolved relationship, individuals get lost in the relationship. There is a lack of clear boundaries, thus each individual has difficulty having a clear sense of self. Examples of phrases that demonstrate enmeshment are, "You're my everything," "Without you, my life would not be worth living," or "You complete me."

  • Neglect happens when a child's basic dependency needs were not met. Dependency needs are our basic needs for food, clothing, shelter, safety and medical attention. Either the parent did not know how to meet these needs or the parent did not meet these needs well enough.  Neglect in childhood may lead to depression, anxiety, eating disorders, anger issues, or alcohol and drug abuse in adulthood.

  • Abandonment happens when the loss of one both parents occurs physically or emotionally. If the parent was not present in the child's life or the parent withheld affection or nurturing, the child was abandoned. Abandonment in childhood can result in adulthood difficulties with expressing and managing emotions, trust issues or a need to be in control.

Any behavior exacted upon us as children that was less than nurturing is defined as trauma in this model. Childhood trauma causes immaturity in the Core Issues (Column II of the model).

We will examine the Core Issues in Part II of "Breaking Down the Model."

Joyce Willis is a Licensed Professional Counselor and is currently a therapist at The Meadows. She earned her Bachelor of Education degree from the University of Akron. After teaching for several years, Joyce earned a Master's degree in counseling from the University of Phoenix. She has been in the counseling profession since 1996 and in that time has worked extensively in the addictions field. Her specialties include treatment for addictions, bereavement, trauma, depression and anxiety. Joyce has a special interest in mindfulness and helping people connect their emotional, spiritual, mindful and physiological selves with compassion and respect

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As part of its video series on addiction and trauma, The Meadows is pleased to present an 11-part interview with John Bradshaw, world-famous educator, counselor, motivational speaker, author, and a leading figure in the fields of addiction and recovery.
In his third video of the series, Mr. Bradshaw discusses the main reason he is affiliated with The Meadows: its model of family systems in treating addiction and trauma.

"I like The Meadows' model for a number of reasons; one is because I'm a strong believer in family systems," he says.
Mr. Bradshaw explains that, for the first time in human history, we understand how substance abuse and physical abuse within a family can take a huge toll on every member.

"The father may stop drinking and get sober," he explains, "but the rest of the family has been affected seriously." Mr. Bradshaw adds that a professional can't treat a client without also dealing with the client's family, which often means involving them actively in therapy.

"That's one of the reasons I believe in The Meadows," he says. "It's difficult to get families involved in the process, but The Meadows does a great job of it."

Mr. Bradshaw is a senior fellow at The Meadows, giving insights to staff and patients, speaking at alumni retreats, lecturing to mental health professionals at workshops and seminars, and helping to shape its world-renowned treatment programs. He is the author of several New York Times best-selling books, including Homecoming: Reclaiming and Championing Your Inner Child, Creating Love, and Healing the Shame That Binds You.

In other videos in this series, Mr. Bradshaw discusses such topics as the importance of after-care facilities, the relationship between shame and depression, and the importance of inner-child deep feeling work. To view all the videos in this series, visit

For more about The Meadows' innovative treatment program for addictions and trauma, see or call The Meadows at 800-244-4949.

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