The Meadows Blog

The Meadows will be an exhibitor at the Arizona Coalition for Military Families Fourth Annual Statewide Symposium in Support of Service Members, Veterans and Their Families. It is being held at the Desert Willow Conference Center in Phoenix May 15 - 16, 2013.

The two days of programming will be focused on increasing knowledge, skills & abilities for serving and supporting the military and veteran population. The exhibitor fair will offer programs and resources to assist service members, veterans and families

Symposium topics include Substance Use: Trends, Strategies and Best Practices, Military Sexual Trauma, Problem Gambling among Veterans, Suicide Prevention and Postvention in Military and Veteran Families, and Evidence‐Based Practices for the Treatment of PTSD.

"In continuing support of our TRICARE contract, The Meadows is pleased to participate in the 2013 Arizona Coalition for Military Families Symposium," said Jim Dredge, The Meadows CEO. "The Meadows has a commitment to serving our heroes and their family members."

As an exhibitor at the conference, Sharon Pollei, Business Development Liaison, and Greg Fine, Intake Coordinator, for The Meadows, will be in attendance.

For more information and to register for this event, visit http://arizonacoalition.org/events/symposium.

The Meadows is an industry leader in treating trauma and addiction through its inpatient and workshop programs. To learn more about The Meadows' work with trauma and addiction contact an intake coordinator at (866) 856-1279 or visit www.themeadows.com.

For over 35 years, The Meadows has been a leading trauma and addiction treatment center. In that time, they have helped more than 20,000 patients in one of their three inpatient centers and 25,000 attendees in national workshops. The Meadows world-class team of Senior Fellows, Psychiatrists, Therapists and Counselors treat the symptoms of addiction and the underlying issues that cause lifelong patterns of self-destructive behavior. The Meadows, with 24 hour nursing and on-site physicians and psychiatrists, is a Level 1 Sub-Acute Agency that is accredited by the Joint Commission.

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The Meadows is pleased to announce a contract with TriWest Healthcare Alliance, a sub-contractor of TRICARE health program. Under this agreement, The Meadows has become an approved TriWest provider for behavioral health and substance abuse inpatient services to eligible beneficiaries.

The TriWest Healthcare Alliance is contracted with the Department of Defense to administer the TRICARE West Region program in the 21-state region. As an approved TriWest provider, The Meadows' inpatient substance abuse and psychiatric services are now available to nearly 2.9 million military members, retirees and their families. The convenient location of The Meadows, just 1.5 hours north of the Phoenix airport, offers easy accessibility to soldiers and their families. This could prove to be extremely beneficial to beneficiaries associated with the seven military bases located in the state of Arizona.

"We are confident that the impeccable reputation of The Meadows combined with our breathtaking campus and state-of-the-art treatment was a critical factor in choosing The Meadows as a network provider," stated Jim Dredge, CEO of The Meadows. "The Meadows has a commitment to servicing our heroes. We have enormous gratitude to those who protect and defend our freedom. It is a great honor to be a network provider for active duty, families and retired enrollees of the TriWest program."

According to Dr. Jerry Boriskin, a Senior Fellow at The Meadows and a consulting expert to the Veterans Administration, this contract is significant because there is a benefit to having as many options available in the various sectors due to the need for occasionally higher levels of care.

Dr. Boriskin, who has worked with the veteran population for 30 years, commented that "The core challenge is to get the veteran or the civilian, for that matter, to work on acceptance, forgiveness, and most importantly self-forgiveness because things were out of control and they were horrible."

Dr. Stephen Brockway, Chief of Psychiatry at The Meadows, explains that treatment for the veteran allows a move to take place from "It's me against the world" to "There are others like me" to "I'm part of the community again."

To learn more about The Meadows' work with trauma and addiction contact an intake coordinator at (866) 856-1279 or visit www.themeadows.com.

For over 35 years, The Meadows has been a leading trauma and addiction treatment center. In that time, they have helped more than 20,000 patients in one of their three inpatient centers or in national workshops. The Meadows world-class team of Senior Fellows, Psychiatrists, Therapists and Counselors treat the symptoms of addiction and the underlying issues that cause lifelong patterns of self-destructive behavior. The Meadows, with 24 hour nursing and on-site physicians and psychiatrists, is a Level 1 psychiatric hospital that is accredited by the Joint Commission.

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Is it possible that trauma is good for you? Is there such a thing as Post-traumatic Growth? Are we supporting soldiers coming forth for assistance or are we engaging in denial when we strip away the "D" (disorder) from PTSD? As a clinician and advocate for those who develop PTSD and its more severe variant, Complex PTSD, I am tortured by the contradictions and questions.

Like many in my profession I have read the research and the controversy associated with resilience training. I am critical of many aspects of these endeavors; they promise more than is reasonable and have been implemented prior to empirical validation. Also, the assessments done during training have resulted in lawsuits due to soldiers objecting to being ordered for additional training on spiritual development (viewed as a resilience booster). Nonetheless, there is such a phenomenon as Post-traumatic Growth. I see it all the time, and in fact have been a strong advocate of this construct for decades. I have always encouraged clients with PTSD to "find meaning from the misery", something much easier said than done. It is no great surprise to observe that like heroes of mythology and bible, adversity is often the precursor of strength. Many soldiers and civilians suffering from PTSD go through a long "dark" period before finding hope, meaning and strength. Some never find the positives and withdraw from life or die from their condition(s). On the other hand, it is possible that some individuals skip the downside and move spontaneously toward "growth".

Whether this is common, rare, or the result of training or genetics is still not known.

The military does an outstanding job in training soldiers to survive in combat. However, is it possible to prevent PTSD? The armed forces would love to be able to select those who are most resilient and train them in all ways to become "immune" to trauma, perhaps even strengthened by trauma. I am reminded by the headline in a recent military newspaper: "Bullet-proof Your Brain". Perhaps this concept can be taken a bit too far. We are already struggling with questions about how many tours someone should have before they "break". I seriously doubt we will be able to precisely predict an individual's breaking point, find a medication that will prevent PTSD, or have cognitive techniques that permit individuals to tolerate the impossible. As cited in the article, "These programs were designed to make people happier and healthier," says George Bonanno, a professor at Columbia University who studies trauma and resilience. "That is not the same thing as inoculating people for serious urinate-in-your-clothing type stress - once-in-a-lifetime stress."

So, how do we make sense of the contradictions: is trauma neutral, negative or a positive? Can we expect resilience, growth or a lifetime of symptoms? Will a mistimed introduction of "the positive" possibility help or hurt someone with active PTSD? I am concerned that the expectation of "Growth" can add burden, perhaps shame to those who have PTSD or Complex PTSD. I recall a very powerful example. My client, a high school teacher who had severe PTSD, was being evaluated by a renowned psychiatrist as part of her lawsuit against the physician who misdiagnosed her near-fatal colon cancer. She lived in dread of a recurrence of her cancer; she had severe anxiety symptoms and was not adjusting well to her colostomy bag. The psychiatrist was representing the defense team and his objective was to gather information to deny the existence of her PTSD. She was expecting critical questions and did very well during the hour, no signs of anxiety or anger at his attempts to undermine the reality of her PTSD. At the very end of the interview the psychiatrist switched tone and tried to display empathy. He was an elderly man, partially blind, and said to her, "I had some health problems myself and medical errors were made. I decided that I had to put my memories and emotions in the attic of my brain and then I was over it. You need to do what I did." Ironically, he was trying to be kind but the result was powerful; my client burst into tears, felt invalidated and humiliated. It took us a full hour to help her recover from the trauma expert's mistimed attempt to validate and encourage. She felt shamed and criticized. In this case, a positive message delivered at the wrong time had unintended consequences.

So, while focusing on the positive results of surviving trauma is empowering, it can be invalidating as well. It is all a matter of context and timing.

Jerry Boriskin, Ph.D, has been at the forefront of the treatment of PTSD, addiction, and co-occurring disorders for more than 30 years. He is the author of several books, including PTSD and Addiction: A Practical Guide for Clinicians and Counselors and At Wit's End: What Families Need to Know When a Loved One is Diagnosed With Addiction and Mental Illness.

For more about The Meadows' innovative treatment program for PTSD and other disorders, see www.themeadows.com or call The Meadows at 800-244-4949.

Published in Blog
Monday, 19 March 2012 20:00

What Caused Sgt. Bales to Snap?

A group I facilitate for Vietnam Veterans struggled with this question even before the name of the accused sergeant was released. Violence, injury, death and war stir intense emotions in all, particularly among veterans who have been up close and personal. The issue of atrocity and slaughter of civilians is, naturally, an incredibly intense and sensitive subject.

My group members wrestled with this for 90 minutes; most had extreme empathy for the cumulative damage war has upon warriors. They could not even begin to grasp the immense pressure put upon younger soldiers, some of whom serve three, four, and up to nine tours. They/we are humbled by shocking reports of soldiers committing sudden violence, some of which is toward family, but more often towards self. They embraced the contributing factors that need be considered: alcoholism, traumatic brain injury, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), financial problems, issues of unemployment, possible relationship problems, a passed over promotion, an unwanted next tour, recent injury, and experiencing the wounding or killing of fellow warriors.

Reports indicated that Sgt. Bales was suffering from many of these factors; he was also reported to be highly decorated, a model soldier, and has saved lives of civilians and Americans in some of the hottest conflicts in Iraq. How could a highly trained soldier, a member of an elite unit, trained sniper and leader of men possibly commit such an atrocity? Our group struggled with this question and did not come to a clear explanation. They had empathy and contempt; some launched into politics of the current wars, some blamed the military for too many rotations, some defended the military, others discussed the role of combat, loss of recent friends, PTSD, alcohol, and tbi (traumatic brain injury). The discussions were intense and a few favored certain factors, but no consensus or full explanation was derived.

One thing we did derive: in certain situations our usual narratives fall apart. If the conditions are right, we are all capable of sudden violence or extreme behavior. The media will no doubt speculate on which factor(s) were critical in this current horror. Forensic experts will attempt to definitively opine, but we may never fully know why this particular soldier "snapped" in such a dramatic and horrific fashion. Thousands of soldiers carry the burdens of war. Most struggle in silence and harm no one, and if they do injure anyone, they hurt or punish themselves.

We may never know the full explanation of what went wrong. My personal speculation is that alcohol played a large factor. It is the most common variable in violence: domestic, self or toward others. It also works in tandem with PTSD and traumatic brain injury. What will probably emerge is a complex picture of a determined and accomplished soldier worn down by many variables, military and domestic. Early reports suggest Sgt. Bales and others were drinking heavily that evening, against military rules. Those early reports also suggested drinking to levels of blackout. Sgt. Bales allegedly had a drunk driving hit and run episode while stateside. Whereas not the sole factor, alcohol might have been the "tipping point". Alcohol is a common way of "self-medicating" or "de-stressing", but it can have an almost "evil" impact in unleashing primitive emotions. In fact, it is a common but often understated factor in the surging suicide numbers in young soldiers. Alcohol has a long history of violence in so many settings, especially the home. Unfortunately, we continue to deny alcohol's power or even its presence. Mr. Bale's attorney alleged his client had not been drinking.

We will know more as facts emerge, but we may never fully grasp what went wrong or why. We do know that war is ugly; it changes people and distorts mind, body and soul. The results of war can make you feel "untouchable" and unique. My hope is that veterans or military personnel reading this blog will recognize that their worst fears are not reflected in the rare disasters. Most people, even civilians, have a fear of "snapping". Exposure to the horrors of war intensify that fear beyond that which most observers can express or comprehend. The vast majority of those who develop PTSD do not snap. Instead, they suffer quietly and deconstruct their lives. PTSD, especially with co-occurring addiction, is complicated and destructive, but highly treatable. Recovery requires Sleep, Safety and Sobriety, the three "S's" that are the first steps in separating you from the demons of war.

Jerry Boriskin, Ph.D, has been at the forefront of the treatment of PTSD, addiction, and co-occurring disorders for more than 30 years. He is the author of several books, including PTSD and Addiction: A Practical Guide for Clinicians and Counselors and At Wit's End: What Families Need to Know When a Loved One is Diagnosed With Addiction and Mental Illness.

For more about The Meadows' innovative treatment program for PTSD and other disorders, see www.themeadows.com or call The Meadows at 800-244-4949.

Published in Blog
Monday, 11 April 2011 20:00

Bessel van der Kolk on treating PTSD

In an article on NewsFirst5.com in Colorado Springs, they discussed treatment for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). In the article, they discussed a conference in Colorado Springs, where Dr. Bessel van der Kolk discussed his concerns regarding treatment for soldiers diagnosed with PTSD. The article reports, "Local experts say that 10 to 30 percent of military coming home from war could be diagnosed with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder." Dr. van der Kolk discussed the need for people to "feel safe." To read more about this go to:

http://www.newsfirst5.com/news/trauma-expert-says-common-ptsd-treatments-may-not-be-the-best/

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